Papua New Guinea is located on the eastern half of the Island of New Guinea. New Guinea is the second largest island because Greenland is the biggest. Papua New Guinea was discovered in the 16th century by Portuguese and Spanish explorers. The name Papua means frizzy hair in Malay. Papua New Guinea is not even close to the size of California and the people there speak 836 languages.
462,840 sq km (178,703.5 sq miles).
14.16 per sq km.
Kina (K) = 100 toea. Kina notes are in denominations of K100, 50, 20, 10, 5 and 2. Coins are in denominations of K1 and 50, 20, 10, and 5 centavos.
The Independent State of Papua New Guinea is in the Pacific; Australiais to the south and the Solomon Islands are to the east. Papua New Guinea shares the island of New Guinea with Indonesia. Islands belonging to Papua New Guinea include Bougainville, New Britain and New Ireland. Port Moresby is the capital and Lae is Papua New Guinea’s second largest city. Other cities are Madang, Rabaul and Wewak. The terrain is mountainous with coastal lowlands. The principal rivers include the Fly, Sepik and Ramu.
Constitutional parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm.
Tok Pisin, English, and Hiri Motu are the official languages, with 836 indigenous languages also spoken.
70 per cent Protestant, with a large Roman Catholic presence.
220-240 volts AC, 60Hz. Electrical outlets are the “Type I” Australian type. Plugs are flat three-pin with two diagonal and one horizontal.
The climate of Papua New Guinea is tropical with northwest monsoons from December to March and southeast monsoons from May to October. Rainfall varies throughout the islands and temperature varies according to altitude.